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Some Tips Toward More Effective Practice-爵士鼓练习的几点建议

乐滋英文艺术中心|2014年12月31

Some Tips Toward More Effective PracticeBy Mike MyersMODERN DRUMMER, JULY 1988 At one time or another, we& 39;ve

Some Tips Toward More Effective Practice

By Mike Myers

MODERN DRUMMER, JULY 1988

 

    At one time or another, we've all heard that ageless expression: "Practice makes perfect."

But does it really? If so, why do some drummers practice almost endlessly, only to achieve

Limited results, while others practice a minimum amount of time and advance rapidly?

 

    Setting aside natural-born musical abilities, the answer lies in individual practice methods.

There are almost as many different practice methods as there are drummers. Some practice routines are conducive to improvement, while others actually restrict it. Practicing just for the sake of practicing cannot ensure progress, and neither can poorly organized, occasional practice.

 

    Since practice methods vary significantly from person to person, it would be difficult, if

not impossible, to prescribe a"correct" way to practice. However, there are some successful practice methods that I have observed and also recommended as a teacher, which bear offering in an attempt to make your practice time more beneficial.

 

1.       Locate a practice space. The first procedure should be the location of a suitable practice facility.  Where it is located is not really important. (I have practiced in bedrooms, band halls, practice rooms, and even a storage closet in an unused corner or a church.) The important thing is to make sure that the area has adequate lighting and ventilation, and can be securely locked. Places where equipment can be left for extended periods of time usually work best.

Next, check with everyone within earshot of your practice area. Make sure it is okay with them if you practice, and agree on what hours of the day it will be tolerated. A method I always use is to approach neighbors, friends, etc., explain that I am going to be practicing drums nearby, and promise not to practice past 10:00 P.M. I also ask them to call if the practicing ever becomes too loud. (So far, no one ever has.)

 

2. Plan practice sessions in advance. Planning is one of the most crucial elements of effective practice. An enormous amount of practice time is often wasted due to poor planning and organization. A person who boasts of practicing an hour a day may in fact be wasting as much as 30minutes sorting through materials and deciding what to work on, or playing over material that is already mastered. Know what you want to accomplish before each practice session. Simply going in to the drums thinking that you will become better just because you are practicing anything won't do.

3.Long-range/short-range goals. Plan long-range as well as short-range goals. Long-range goals are self-set goals for six months or a year from now, such as "I want to be able to play a good samba groove" Short-range goals are for today, like "I am going to learn samba exercises1 to 10 on page 30." Map out beforehand realistic/obtainable long-range and short-range practice goals, and set out to achieve them.


译文:

   在某个时刻,或许我们听说过这样一句经久流传的话:熟能生巧。但是事实真的是这样吗?如果事实真如此,为什么有些鼓手一直在拼命的练习,成果却不十分明显,而有的仅仅花少部分时间练习,进步却是飞速呢?

   先暂且不说音乐天赋的问题,最根本的还在于个人练习方法上。练习方法的数量之多就如同练习爵士鼓的人一样多。有些方法有利于提升能力,而有些却是背道而驰。纯粹为了练习而练习并不能保证进步,而组织不善,偶尔的练习并不代表不能取得成果。

   练习方法因人而异,所以很难说出一个万能的方法供人练习。然而,的确有一些我看到过相对成功的方法,作为老师,在此推荐给你们,希望可以让你们的练习更加有效。

 第一,选好练习的场所。首先就应该是练习场所的选择,具体这个地方在哪里并不重要,(我曾经在卧室、乐队大厅、练习室练习过,甚至在废弃角落或是教堂的储存柜里面待过),重要的是这个地方要有充足的灯光,通风要良好,而且可以安全上锁。这样,鼓可以长时间的存放,而且用起来的时候效果丝毫不受影响。

  然后,就要问一下周围可能会受影响的所有人。要确保当你练习的时候,他们日常生活不会受到鼓音的影响。当我练爵士鼓的时候,就常常问我的邻居,周围的朋友等等,向他们说明可能会在附近练鼓,但是练习的时间绝对不会超过晚上10点钟,如果觉得声音过大,可以随时打电话。但是至今还没有人这样做过。

    第二,提前做好练习计划。计划是最关键的练习因素,由于没有做好计划,整理好步骤,大量的练习时间都浪费了。常常吹嘘自己一天练习一个小时的人,实际上可能仅仅练习了最多30分钟,因为他大部分时间都在想接下来要练习什么,或者是练习已经掌握了的曲子。在做每个计划的时候要搞清楚自己想要获得什么。仅仅简单的走到鼓前,然后开始练习就觉得自己的水平会有所提高完全是不可能的。

    第三,设定长期、短期目标。计划长期目标和短期目标,长期目标可以是长达六个月或是一年,比如:我要在这段时间内要学会敲打samba groove这首歌曲。短期目标可以是今天,比如:今天我要学会samba 30页的1-10行。提前设定好比较现实的短期与长期目标,并且一定要下定决心达到这些目标。


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