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说英语,你是say呢,还是speak呢,还是talk呢,还是tell?

乐滋英文艺术中心|2015年01月28

这四个是关于“说”动作的最基本的4个动词,在大部分的对话中,你都需要用到它们。搞清楚他们之间的区别,对你的英语学习很有帮助。BUT,光

这四个是关于动作的最基本的4个动词,在大部分的对话中,你都需要用到它们。搞清楚他们之间的区别,对你的英语学习很有帮助。

BUT,光是看它们之间的解释,你能看出区别吗?


SAY

释义:to expressan idea, feeling, thought etc. using words


SPEAK

释义:to talk tosomeone about something


TALK

释义:to saythings to someone as part of a conversation


TELL

释义:if someonetells you something, they communicate information, a story, their feelings etc.to you


完了,光是看词典意思的话,看里看去似乎都像是一个意思。怎么办?简单,直接看它们之间最大的不同——用法就行了。

用法:

1. Say is used with direct and indirectspeech

2. Say is most often used without apersonal object.

3. If we want to put a personal objectafter say, we use to.

其实简单来说,say描述的是说话的内容,比如他说了他一定会来。如果要表达和谁说了什么的意思,要说“say to”


例句:

She said you can’t go.

“Don’t cry,” she said to me.

Anything he says is not true.

I don’t know why she went away, because shedidn’t say.

SPEAK

用法:

1. Speak is often used for one-waycommunication and for exchanges in more serious or formal situations.

2. Speak is the usual word to refer toknowledge and use of languages.

say描述说话内容不同,speak描述的是说话的动作,或者是单方面的谈话。比如他没有说话他向我说话Speak还有演讲的意思,说某种语言也是用speak


例句:

Hello, may I speak to Jim Smith?

Sorry, I don’t want to speak.

Excuse me, can you speak Chinese?

Robert spoke at the teachers' annualconvention.

TALK

用法:

1. There is not very much differencebetween speak and talk.

2. Talk is the more usual word to refer toconversational exchanges and informal communication.

虽说与speak的用法差不多,但speak是指单方面说话,而talk则是两者之间互相的、非正式的交谈。


例句:

Bill Gates is talking to him.

English people love to talk about theweather.

Look, they are talking in English.

I like to talk with Helena.

TELL

用法:

1. used with direct and indirect speech

2. after tell, we usually say who is told,i.e., tell someone something

3. only used to mean ‘instruct’ or ‘inform’

4. Tell is used to tell someone to dosomething

5. Tell is not used before objects like aword, a name, a sentence, a phrase.

6. We do not usually use it after tell torefer to a fact.

7. tell someone again (repeat)

这些用法看似复杂,其实不然。简单地说,tell是告诉的意思,也就是把一些信息传递出去,让某个人接收到这个信息。另外,tell还有辨识的意思。


例句:

Tell Jack to attend the meeting.

Tell Jack the meeting is canceled.

Mary told a story to her son.

Now, I can tell the differences among thewords SAY, SPEAK TALK and TELL.


看完了这些单词用途的不同后,你对它们的认识是否更加深入了?让我来为你总结一下这4个单词的常见意思:

Say说了某某话

Speak是说话的动作,或向某人说话

Talk也是说话的动作,但是两人或以上互相对话

Tell告诉的意思,也就是通过语言传递信息给别人,还有辨识的意思。


如果你对它们的感觉还是比较模糊,可以抽空注意一下老外们都是如何使用它们的,要知道模仿是很重要的学习途径。


现在,你得到了这些有关的英语学习知识,你打算如何给你的朋友听呢?



关键词: 说英语 乐滋 少儿培训

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